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Colleges can prevent 96 pc of Covid-19 infections with common measures: Study

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WASHINGTON: The combined effectiveness of three Covid-prevention strategies on college campuses–mask-wearing, social distancing, and routine testing–are as effective in preventing coronavirus infections as the Pfizer and Moderna vaccines approved by the U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA), according to a new study.

The study was co-authored by a Case Western Reserve University researcher.

The research, published in Annals of Internal Medicine, has immediate significance as college semesters are poised to start again–and as the distribution of approved vaccines lags behind goals.

The study found that a combination of just two common measures–distancing and mandatory masks–prevents 87% of campus Covid-19 infections and costs only $170 per infection prevented.

Adding routine lab-based testing to the mix would prevent 92% to 96% of Covid infections. Still, the cost per infection prevented increases substantially, to $2,000 to $17,000 each, depending on test frequency.

As the infection rate continues to rise during the winter, the findings are especially meaningful for institutions of higher learning aiming to strike a balance between in-person and remote instruction, while managing costs to promote safety and reduce transmissions.

“While some measures are highly effective, implementing them is entirely up to each college’s financial situation, which may have already become strained because of the pandemic,” said Pooyan Kazemian, co-senior author of the study and an assistant professor of operations at the Weatherhead School of Management at Case Western Reserve.

“It is clear that two common non-medical strategies are very effective and inexpensive–and allow for some in-person instruction,” said Kazemian. “While it’s true routine testing of the asymptomatic helps catch some infections early and reduce transmissions, they also pose the highest financial and operational burden, even if performed every 14 days.”

Among the study’s other findings:


About three of every four students–and nearly one in six faculty–would become infected over the semester in the absence of all mitigation efforts.

Minimal social distancing policies would only reduce infections by 16% in students.

While closing the campus and switching to online-only education would reduce infections by 63% among students, it would be less effective than opening the campus and implementing a mask-wearing and social distancing policy, which would reduce infections by 87% among students.


The study

Researchers examined 24 combinations of four common preventive strategies–social distancing, mask-wearing, testing and isolation–and calculated their effectiveness and cost per infection prevented.

The team took into account interactions between three groups: students, faculty, and the surrounding community (including staff), and used a computer simulation model Kazemian and his colleagues developed–known as Clinical and Economic Analysis of Covid-19 interventions, or CEACOV–that simulated a semester of a mid-sized college (5,000 students and 1,000 faculty).

“While states have started offering Covid-19 vaccine to healthcare workers, first responders, and long-term care facilities, it is unlikely that most students and university faculty and staff will be offered a vaccine until late in the spring semester,” said Kazemian.

“Therefore, commitment to mask-wearing and extensive social distancing, including canceling large gatherings and reducing class sizes with a hybrid education system, remains the primary strategy for minimizing infections and keeping the campus open during the spring semester.”



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Education

IBPS PO Mains admit card released at ibps.in, download here

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NEW DELHI: IBPS PO Mains admit card has been released by the Institute of Banking Personnel Selection on Monday i.e., January 25. Candidates who are appearing for the Mains examination can visit the official website of IBPS to check and download the IBPS PO Mains admit card.

Candidates can obtain the IBPS PO Mains admit card either from the official website or from the link provided below. Candidates need to login with the registration number and password to download the admit card.

Direct link: IBPS PO Mains admit card


The admit card will be available online till February 4, 2021.

Candidates are required to report at the exam venue strictly as per the time slot mentioned in the Call Letter AND/OR informed via SMS/Mail on their registered mobile number/mail prior to the exam date. It is expected that candidates strictly adhere to this time slot – as entry into the exam venue will be provided based upon the individual’s time slot ONLY. Candidates should report at least 15 minutes before the Reporting time.

Items permitted into the venue for Candidates

Candidates will be permitted to carry only certain items with them into the venue.

  • Mask (wearing a mask is compulsory)
  • Gloves
  • Personal transparent water bottle (Candidates must bring their own water bottle)
  • Personal hand sanitizer (50 ml)
  • A simple pen and ink stamp pad.
  • Exam related documents (Call Letter and Photocopy of the photo ID card stapled with it, same ID Card in Original.) The name on the ID and on the Call Letter should be exactly the same.
  • In case of Scribe Candidates – Scribe form duly filled and signed with Photograph affixed.



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GJU Clerk admit card 2021 for Typing Test released, download here

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NEW DELHI: GJU Clerk Typing admit card has been released by the Guru Jambheshwar University of Science & Technology (GJUST) on its official website.

The candidates who have applied for the GJU Clerk Typing Test can visit the official website of GJU — gjust.ac.in — to check and download their admit card.

According to the schedule available on the official website, the Clerk Typing Test will be conducted from February 1 to 14.

Candidates can download their GJU Clerk Typing Test admit card either from the official website or from the direct link provided below.

Direct link to download GJU Clerk Typing Test admit card

How to download GJU Clerk Typing Test admit card

Candidates can follow the steps given below to check and download the GJU Clerk Typing Test admit card.

1. Go to the official website of GJU — gjust.ac.in

2. On the homepage click on the link which reads “Download Admit Card Clerk Typing Test”

3. It will direct to a new page of the GJU website

4. You need to enter your roll number and date of birth to login

5. Your GJU Clerk Typing Test admit card will be displayed on the screen

6. Download and take a print out of the same for future reference



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100 bright students to join PM in his box during R-Day parade

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NEW DELHI: One hundred meritorious students from schools and colleges will join Prime Minister Narendra Modi in his box to together witness the Republic Day parade on Tuesday. According to Ramesh Pokhriyal, Union education minister, the students will also have a chance to interact with him after the parade.

“Happy to share that meritorious students across the country will be given a chance to witness the RepublicDay2021 parade from the PM’s Box. They will also have a chance to meet & interact with the minister of education, Govt. of India Shri @DrRPNishank,” the ministry of education tweeted.

According to a ministry official, 100 students have been shortlisted for the purpose — 50 each from schools and higher education institutions. A total of 105 toppers from CBSE and universities got to watch the 71st Republic Day Parade from the PM’s box last year. Due to the Covid-19 safety norms gravity-defying stunts by motorcycle-borne men, a major attraction for the crowd at Republic Day celebrations on the Rajpath, will be missing this year, while the spectator size too has been reduced to 25,000, officials said on Friday.



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